Community based natural resource management, Environmental Impact Assessment, Pollution monitoring, Solid waste management.
Community Based Environmental Protection (CBEP)
CBEP is a new approach to environmental protection. Traditionally, environmental protection programs have focused on the command and control approach, which have been very effective at reducing point source pollution and improving environmental quality. However, some environmental problems, such as non-point source pollution are less amenable to these programs. CBEP will supplement and complement the traditional environmental protection approach by focusing on the health of an ecosystem and the behavior of humans that live in the ecosystem’s boundaries. This study is aiming to 1) comprehensively identify local environmental concerns, 2) set priorities and goals that reflect overall community concerns, and 3) develop comprehensive, long-term solution to environmental problems.
Products Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA)
Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is used to quantify the environmental inputs and outputs of a product or process, from the mining of raw materials, through production, distribution, use and reuse or recycling, to final disposal. There are two main stages of LCA: inventory analysis and impact assessment. Inventory analysis involves the quantification of environmental inputs and outputs throughout a product or process’s lifetime. The inventory analysis is aiming to identify a list of pollutants that may have an impact on the environment. The purpose of the impact assessment is to aggregate and evaluate the potential environmental impacts identified in the inventory. This study will be focusing on particular kinds of waste which have high potential to be a major environmental problem in the future, mobile phone and its batteries, as an example in order to develop waste management plan and minimize the amount of waste before hand.
Waste management is one of the major long-term problems in our society. Cost-effective, environ-mentally sound management of wastes continues to be an unstable issue, the solution of which must integrate science, technology, individual awareness, and policy. Waste management begins with understanding the complete and detailed physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of the waste in question. This understanding is crucial to successful utilization or environmentally sound disposal measures. Additionally, waste management enables us to predict what is in a material, how much is there, how it may leach out, and how it will ultimately impact the environment.